Dear Dreamers, welcome! This post is a compilation of the video series I did for my YouTube channel and also additional notes that I couldn’t fit in the video as well as my bibliography that I used in the dissertation this video was based on so you can go and check out if you’re interested in knowing any more.
There are 6 videos in this series, each one covering a different ‘era’ or giving some important information. The videos are as follows:
Disclaimer Before we begin I want to reiterate the disclaimer that I put at the beginning of my video: “This video is made for educational purposes only. It aims to show that humanity’s perception of the Devil, his appearance, powers and influence, is tied up with our own culture, struggles and world-view. It is not a discussion on if the Christian Devil is real. Of for that matter if religion is real. Please be respectful of other beliefs and keep the comments clean. Thank you.”
Introduction So what is the aim of this series? What am I trying to show? I’ll be looking at images of the Devil from biblical times to the present day and showing how the image of the Devil (the way he is perceived) and what humanity is experiencing (learning, fearing) are strongly tied together.
How God created Satan What was it that brought about the Devil? What need arose for him to fill and how is that tied in with the very nature of the Abrahamic God?
From Accuser to Adversary How did his role change from working for God to something else?
Becoming a force to be reckoned with How did the Devil’s power grow? What social events helped this along? What roles did he play?
Losing hold and returning to paper? So why aren’t we all terrified of him as much now? What changed and where did he go?
You can watch the full playlist here:
Extra Notes and Answering Questions:
As I mentioned in one of my slides for Episode 3: Becoming a force to be reckoned with, I couldn’t actually find a picture of the painting (I presume) described by Robert Muchembled in his book “A History of the Devil” on p.26: “The majesty of the ruler of hell was most clearly stated in the fifteenth century. In 1456, the homage of Theophilus to the devil showed the latter on a throne set on a platform, crowned, sceptre in hand, clothed in princely white and surrounded by councillors equally richly arrayed. But their demonic faces and Satan’s animal hooves indicate that appearances can be deceptive.” I have looked on numerous occasions but haven’t as yet found it because he gives no painting title or reference. This is frustrating. This has been published in academic works and doesn’t seem to have been questioned so I presume it is accurate. It is possible the work referenced is in a private collection and there are no photographs available to the public. However I thought this was worth noting for transparency’s sake. Also if you know the piece or have any information about it, please let me know. Side note: This image kept coming up when I searched for the aforementioned piece but as you can see it is vastly different.
The Devil you Know ends just shy of the present day and does not deal with any cults because I may touch upon those as part of a discussion or later series. As such I do not look into satanist groups or even our current ideas and images of evil. This was a deliberate choice on my part.
I know this is massive (that’s University work for you though) so I don’t expect anyone to go through it all but that’s not what it’s for, it’s just here so if you are interested and can get hold of any of these you can check out some of the same resources I did and read around the topic if you really want.
Books -Collins Concise Dictionary and Thesaurus, third edition (Great Britain: HarperCollins Publishers. 2003), -The Holy Bible –N.R.S.V –Catholic Edition, Anglicized Text (London: Longman and Todd Ltd., 2005)
-W S Bainbridge, Satan’s power –A deviant Psychotherapy Cult; (England, University of California Press, Ltd. 1978) -T P Carus, The history of the Devil and the idea of evil –from the earliest times to the present day (USA: Land’s end press, 1969) -E Colfer, The Wish List (England: Puffin Books, 2003) -R Godbeer, The Devil’s Dominion –Magic and Religion in Early New England (New York: Cambridge university press, 1992) -V Hugo, La Légende des siècles –La fin de Satan –Dieu (France : éditions Gallimard, 1950) -N Johnstone, ‘The Protestant Devil: The Experience of Temptation in Early Modern England’, in Journal of British Studies, Vol. 43, No. 2 (April 2004) -C S Lewis, The Screwtape letters, sixth edition (???) (Great Britain: Unwin Brothers Limited, 1942) -H McLeod and W Ustorf (editors), The decline of Christendom in Western Europe, 1750-2000 (UK: Cambridge University Press; 2003) -J Milton, Paradise Lost (London: Penguin Books, Ltd., 1996) -R Muchembled,(translation Jean Birrell), A history of the Devil –from the Middle Ages to the Present (UK: Cambridge, Polity Press 2003) -C Partridge and E Christianson (ed.), The lure of the dark side –Satan and western Demonology in popular culture (London: Equinox, 2009) -F E Peretti, This present darkness (USA: Tyndale house publishers, inc. 2001) -C Wessinger (ed.), Millennialism, Persecution, and Violence –Historical cases (New York: Syracuse University Press, 2000) -T.J. Wray and G Mobley, The birth of Satan -tracing the Devil’s Biblical Roots (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
Internet -http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_commissions/archeo/inglese/documents/rc_com_archeo_doc_20011010_cataccrist_en.html#Caratteristiche [accessed: 15/02/2012] -King James Bible -Cambridge Ed. http://bible.cc/isaiah/45-7.htm [accessed on the 17/01/2012] -P Maxwell-Stuart, ‘The emergence of the Christian witch’, P. History Today50. 11 (Nov 2000): 38-43 http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.lancs.ac.uk/docview/202814491?accountid=11979 [accessed: 23/02/2012] -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Satan_Pit [accessed: 25/01/2012] -http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0756448/plotsummary [accessed: 25/01/2012] -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devil_in_popular_culture [accessed: 25/01/2012] -http://trans-siberian.com/lyrics_story/Beethovens_Last_Night_Booklet.pdf [accessed: 24/02/2012] -Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, translated by Bayard Taylor, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=oa8XAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA226&dq=which+smooth+the+whole+world+licks&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yWQhT870BYWDtQb1zoDbBw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=which%20smooth%20the%20whole%20world%20licks&f=false [accessed: 26/01/2012] -James R. Lewis, ‘Who Serves Satan? A Demographic and Ideological Profile’, in Marburg Journal of Religion, Vol. 6, No. 2 (June 2001) http://www.uni-marburg.de/fb03/ivk/mjr/pdfs/2001/articles/lewis2001.pdf?searchterm=who [accessed: 15/02/2012] http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=RmQIkxy7pF0C&pg=PA309&lpg=PA309&dq=though+feebler+in+force%2c+he+remains+superior+in&source=bl&ots=lqXGAnu6pY&sig=tPv_RCO0HwJCpuOEWrRrAA-ONhQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QTI-T-aoO6W_0QXUi_2rDw&sqi=2&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=though%20feebler%20in%20force%2C%20he%20remains%20superior%20in&f=false [accessed: 24/02/2012] -http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=RmQIkxy7pF0C&pg=PA309&lpg=PA309&dq=though+feebler+in+force%2c+he+remains+superior+in&source=bl&ots=lqXGAnu6pY&sig=tPv_RCO0HwJCpuOEWrRrAA-ONhQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QTI-T-aoO6W_0QXUi_2rDw&sqi=2&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=though%20feebler%20in%20force%2C%20he%20remains%20superior%20in&f=false [accessed: 24/02/2012] -http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b007zv7f [accessed: 24/01/2012] -http://www.songlyrics.com/alice-cooper/give-the-kid-a-break-lyrics/ [accessed: 25/01/2012] -http://www.justsomelyrics.com/185400/Alice-Cooper-Didn’t-We-Meet-Lyrics [accessed: 25/01/12] -http://www.elyricsworld.com/sympathy_for_the_devil_lyrics_guns_n_roses.html [accessed: 24/010/12]
Books -M Beresford, From Demons to Dracula –the creation of the Modern Vampire Myth (England: Reaktion Books ltd, 2008) -D Defoe, The history of the Devil –ancient and modern in two parts (England: EP publishing Limited, 1972) -W Gerhardi and B Lunn, The memoirs of Satan (London: Macdonals &Co. Publishers Ltd. 1948) -Tim LaHaye Jerry B Jenkins, Left behind –a novel of the earth’s last days (USA: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 1995) (translated and intro by) W Kaufmann, Goethe’s Faust (New York: Doubleday, 1961) -J Klaits, Servants of Satan- the Age of the Witch Hunts (USA: Indiana University Press, 1985) -R L. Moore and F E. Reynolds (editors), Anthropology and the study of religion, (USA: Centre for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1984) -J B Russell, The devil –perceptions of Evil from Antiquity to Primitive Christianity (USA: Cornell University Press, 1977) -J B Russell, Satan –the Early Christian Tradition (London: Cornell University Press Ltd; 1981) -J Walliss and Kenneth G.C. Newport (editors), The end all around us –apocalyptic texts and popular culture (millennialism and society series) (UK: Equinox publishing ltd, 2009) -P G. Zimbardo, The Lucifer effect –how good people turn evil (GB: Rider, 2007)
Internet -G A Anderton, The Fall of Satan in the thought of St. Ephrem and John Milton (http://syrcom.cua.edu/Hugoye/Vol3No1/HV3N1Anderson.html) [accessed: 08/03/2012] -J de Pina-Cabral, Sarakatsani reflections on the Brazilian Devil (http://www.ics.ul.pt/rdonweb-docs/Jo%C3%A3o%20Pina%20Cabral%20-%20Publica%C3%A7%C3%B5es%202008%20n%C2%BA11.pdf) [accessed: 08/03/2012] -R Ellwood’s review of M Moynihan and D Søderlind, ‘Lords of Chaos: The Bloody Rise of the Satanic Metal Underground’ in Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, Vol. 3, No. 1 (October1999), pp. 177-178 http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.lancs.ac.uk/stable/pdfplus/10.1525/nr.1922.214.171.124.pdf?acceptTC=true [accessed: 19/02/12] (Review by) G J. Medway, Lure of the Sinister: The Unnatural History of Satanism, (http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.lancs.ac.uk/stable/pdfplus/10.1525/nr.2004.8.1.114.pdf, Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions, Vol. 8, No. 1 (July 2004),pp. 114-115) [accessed: 08/03/2012] -O Salinas, The Psychological Roots of St. Augustine’s Theories of Good and Evil (http://muse.jhu.edu.ezproxy.lancs.ac.uk/journals/biography/v015/15.4.salinas.pdf) [accessed: 24/01/2012] -J V Schall, The ‘Good News’ Reconsidered (http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.lancs.ac.uk/docview/221460702/fulltextPDF?accountid=11979) [accessed: 24/01/2012] -M Sluhovsky, The Devil in the Convent, (http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1086/532851.pdf?acceptTC=true, The American Historical Review, Vol. 107, No. 5 (December 2002), pp. 1379-1411) [accessed: 08/03/2012] -http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=oa8XAAAAIAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false [accessed: 08/03/2012] -http://www.darklyrics.com/lyrics/dimmuborgir/deathcultarmageddon.html [accessed: 24/01/2012] -http://www.darklyrics.com/lyrics/dimmuborgir/enthronedarknesstriumphant.html [accessed: 24/01/2012] -http://www.darklyrics.com/lyrics/dimmuborgir/insortediaboli.html [accessed: 24/01/12] -http://www.darklyrics.com/lyrics/dimmuborgir/puritanicaleuphoricmisanthropia.html#12 [accessed: 24/01/12] -http://site.dimmu-borgir.com/ [accessed: 24/01/12] -http://site.dimmu-borgir.com/music/ [accessed: 24/01/12] -http://www.elyrics.net/read/l/lacuna-coil-lyrics/angel_s-punishment-lyrics.html [accessed: 08/03/2012] -http://heavenandhelllive.com/ [accessed: 14/03/2011] -http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract;jsessionid=D9A7CE6372488697E33472CD954A5AF6.journals?fromPage=online&aid=404234 [accessed: 18/02/2012] -http://www.sing365.com/music/lyric.nsf/Heaven’s-A-Lie-lyrics-Lacuna-Coil/63585AC2BF33C94248256C5300083FD4 -http://trans-siberian.com/lyrics_story/beethovens_last_night_lyrics-01.php [accessed: 25/01/12] -http://trans-siberian.com/lyrics_story/beethovens_last_night_story.php [accessed: 25/01/12] -http://vlib.iue.it/carrie/texts/carrie_books/gilbert/22.html [accessed 24/01/12]
Wow you made it down here, well done, unfortunately there’s nothing exciting here other than my goodbies but thanks for comming. Honestly thought I hope you enjoyed this series. Please let me know what you thought. See you next week for another blog &/or video.
Until then have a great week, See you soon, Lifelong Scribe